Clan MacLea - Livingstone
The Official Home of the Clan McLea (The ancient historical name of the Livingstones)
Barons par le Grâce de Dieu
The Lord Lyon, Innes of Learney, in 1951 found that the
In the "Robes of the Feudal Baronage of Scotland" (27th Oct 1945) Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Vol. 79, Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, then Lord Lion King of Arms, wrote:
The Scottish parliament was careful, in 1556, to remind the Crown and nation that the title King of Scots denoted that the sovereign was essentially, and at common law, a personal Ard-Righ, not territorially King of Scotland.
“The great antiquarian Niall Campbell, Duke of Argyll claimed that the Baron a Bachuil was ‘the oldest peer in the realm, being a Baron of the kingdom of the Scots of Dalriada’. The Livingstones of Callender, Edwin B Livingstone, Edinburgh University Press, p 417
In an article on Saint Maolrubha contributed to the Scottish Historical Review in April 1909 by the Reverend Archibald B. Scott, the writer in a foot- note says: 'The late Duke of Argyll long envied the Bachul. He used to address the holder of the relic, as " my Lord".'
Squirrel fur or vair, heraldically represented as blue and white "greys" was the fur associated with the allodial sire or "Baron par le Grâce de Dieu" . Thus the chapeau is furred vair to indicate the Barons of Bachuil are Barons par le Grâce de Dieu.
In Old Regime France, the term Prince could refer to a rank or a title. In the strictest sense the term prince implied a notion of sovereignty. It was a rank generally reserved to the princes du sang (Princes of the Blood), who were all in line to succeed to the throne. This concept sits easily with the Irish Scot concept of the "true family" or Derbhfine. This is why the old families made great use of the hand which was considered a symbol of the Derbhfine and made other allusions to their royal blood wherever possible - such as the Lion Rampant born in the arms.
20 April, 2013